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Migrating databases with zero downtime

Every article I’ve read and linked to that includes a data migration phase from one database to another tells the same story:

  1. forklift
  2. incremental replication
  3. consistency checking
  4. shadow writes
  5. shadow writes and shadow reads for validation
  6. end of life of the original data store

The same story for Netflix’s migration from SimpleDB to Cassandra and’s migration from MongoDB/Titan to Cassandra. And once again, the same appears in FullContact’s migration from MongoDB to Cassandra. This last post also provides a nice diagram of the process:

Migrating data with no down time

The key part of these stories is that the migration was performed with zero downtime.

Original title and link: Migrating databases with zero downtime (NoSQL database©myNoSQL)