Databases are one particular area that for scaling can benefit tremendously from high performance I/O. The I/O requirements of database engines, regardless whether they a Relational or Non-Relation (NoSQL) DBMS’s can be very demanding. Increasingly randomized access, and burst IO through aggregation put strains on any IO subsystem, physical or virtual, attached or remote. One area where we have seen this particularly culminate is in modern NoSQL DBMSs that are often the core of scalable modern web applications that exhibit a great deal of random access patterns. They require high replication factors to get to the aggregate random IO they require. Early users of these High I/O instances have been able to reduce their replication factors significantly while achieving rock solid performance and substantially reducing their cost in the process.
Going from around 100 IOPS for 15K RPM spinning disks to over 100000 IOPS for random reads and 10000-85000 for random writes with SSDs.
Original title and link: High Performance I/O Instances for Amazon EC2 ( ©myNoSQL)